Reciting Al-Fatihah Behind the Imam in Loud Prayers

Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa baraktuhu, Bismillah , I have various questions.I would be glad if you help me.I am confused about prayer in congregation.I have read in many books that we have to recite surah fatiha in every namaz.I have a doubt that whether we should recite surah fatiha in the prayer which is recited aloud that is the fajr,maghrib and isha prayer.I read in a fatwa on with id - 1119503544082 that we have to remain silent when imam recites surah fatiha and recite surah fatiha during silent prayers but when i asked in a fatwa about this question on this site , fatwa reference no - 5SH1Bq, the sheikh said that during prayers when imam recites loudly, one has to recite surah fatiha after him.What does after him means?After everyone says ameen should we then recite surah fatiha?please help me on this issue.My other question was about one have to give zakat on what he earns or what he save?I earn weekly, so should i give zakat on what i earn?.My last question is about alcohol.I work in a supermarket where i have to put groceries and other items in bags and give to the customers.Some customers(americans) buy i have to put alcohol bottles in the bag. Is that prohibited to put the bottle in the bag and give to the non-muslims? -- My other question is about wudu-Prophet Muhammed(P.B.U.H) said that breaking wind nullifies wudu,but he(P.B.U.H) didn't say the solution of what to do if anyone have problem of breaking wind.He(P.B.U.H) said that every innovation is misguidance.How do we deal with any matter which was not during prophet's(P.B.U.H) but it is now ? Does it considered innovation ? How many times should a person's wudu break in order to be put into category of disabled ? If a person's (who doesn't have any problem of breaking wind) wudu break while he is performing wudu,does he have to start again or he could continue doing the wudu ?The fatwa says that if a person has a problem with breaking wind, he have to make wudu once, and then he could pray,does it apply touching quran also?  If two ulema's have different opinions , whom to believe ? If an imam leading prayers at wrong time , is it permissible to pray alone at correct time ? I am concerned about this hadith - In one Hadith, two reasons have been cited for the punishment in the grave:a) Not exercising precaution from the splashes of urine drops,b) Gossiping.Here in United States there is no water available for cleaning ourselves but i use toilet paper and make sure that no urine is left but after like 5 t0 10 minutes , when i try sitting , some drops come out , i try my best to prevent myself but still can't do . Is my  interpretation of hadith correct which is - A person in punished who is careless about preventing one from urine but a person who is not careless, tries his best to prevent himself , but sometimes cannot prevent himself is not punished.What if go home and wash myself ? Does i considered as a person who doesn't prevent oneself? If a person is memorizing quran and he comes to an ayah where there is prostration,then does he have to prostate everytime he repeats that ayah in order to memorize ? There are thousands of hadiths , what if a person doesn't know some and he is practicing wrong ? Can a person touch quran which is covered by a cloth,without wudu? In a hadith i have read that if one hungry or if the food is ready,he has to eat first even if the salaat has started , is it permissible to miss the prayer or a part of the prayer for eating food if one is hungry? When is it necessary to perform sajda suhu ? Is it performed when a person recites some thing wrong or forgets something to recite ? do we have to do sajda suhu if we pronunce the word wrong like in surah fatiha instead of waladhaaalen , we pronunce waladaleen ? What is the best way to learn quranic arabic , I want to memorize quran and also learn arabic so that when i recite in prayer i could reflect upon myself and have focus on prayer . What is the reward of memorizing quran according to hadith ? Is knowing the meaning of quran fardh so that we could practice on it ?Please answer these questions as soon as possible , Jazakallah.

Are There 15 Punishments for One Who Neglects Prayer?

As-Salamu `alaykum. My question is regarding a hadith I received in my e-mail. I just want to know if it is authentic before I pass it on. The hadith is as follows: The one who disdains the prayers will receive 15 punishments from Allah, 6 punishments in this lifetime, 3 while dying, 3 in the grave, and 3 on the Day of Judgment. The 6 punishments of life are1. Allah takes away blessings from his age (makes his life misfortunate). 2. Allah does not accept his du`aa’. 3. Allah erases the features of good people from his face. 4. He will be detested by all creatures on earth. 5. Allah does not award him for his good deeds. 6. He will not be included in the du`aa’ of good people. The 3 punishments while dying are1. He dies humiliated. 2. He dies hungry. 3. He dies thirsty. Even if he drinks the water of all the seas he will still be thirsty. The 3 punishments in the grave are1. Allah tightens his grave until his ribs come over each other.2. Allah pours on him fire with embers. 3. Allah sets on him a snake called "the brave", "the bold" which hits him from morning until afternoon for leaving Fajr Prayer, from the afternoon until `Asr for leaving Zhuhr Prayer and so on. With each strike he sinks 70 yards under the ground. The 3 punishments on the Day of Judgment are1. Allah sends who would accompany him to hell pulling him on the face. 2. Allah gives him an angry look that makes the flesh of his face fall down. 3. Allah judges him strictly and orders him to be thrown in hell.

Preventing Women from Going out to Mosques

As Salam AlaykumI know you receive many questions about this topic, so I apologize in advance for the repetition as well as the length of my questions, but it is only due to my confidence in the Ulema of your institute, who have consistently shown strict adherence to Islam as well as logical reasoning.This is a very pressing issue in my country, South Africa, where the Ulema, who are all from the Deobandi movement, has banned/forbidden women from both the masaajid, and the Eid Musalla. They do so on the excuse that allowing women will cause "fitnah", in the Urdu definition which is temptation/mischief/evil, and make every women out to be lewd/incapable of modesty.a group of us, men and women, who have traveled and studied abroad, and witnessed Muslim women's participation in the masaajid decided to start a campaign, educating women about their rights to attend Eid prayers, and other prayers, especially Jumuah and Taraweeh, if it does not interfere with their other duties. Our aim was to make known the opinions of scholars outside the Deobandi school, and to show women that they have a choice in the matter, given to them by the Prophet (saw), that they can attend the masaajid and eid prayers if appropriately covered and properly behaved.I have been told by some scholars that we must follow the "urf" of our country, which is to not allow women.The group who are trying to change people's mindsets have come under severe attack and abuse.My questions are - 1. Are we correct in trying to educate Muslim women about their rights in the public sphere such as the masjid and eid musalla, which by doing so, questions the Ulema of our country, who have banned us? 2. Do we have to follow the 'urf of our country which does not permit women to pray in congregation not even whilst out travelling/studying/shopping. In fact, most masaajid simply do not even accommodate women. Women are constantly told that they MUST remain at home and not leave their homes, for work, study or otherwise. 3.At the Eid musalla I attended, which is one of the very few in my country which allows women, but has been branded as "modernist" for doing so, the mens section and the womens section are adjacent to each other, separated only by distance and a rope. Is it this permissible? From my experience over the years, there has been no mixing/intermingling of men and women, we all come to pray and then leave, but the fact that the women's section is adjacent to and not behind the mens sections causes a lot of criticism. 4. My last question - are women permitted to deliver the PRE-Jumuah talk and PRE-Eid talk, from the women's section of the masjid/eid musallah. I am not referring to the Eid Khutbah or Jumuah Khutbah, but the short lecture preceding them.I sincerely appreciate your advice the matter. May Allah reward you all abundantly for the greatness of your work.

Woman Calling the Adhan and Iqamah

Assalamu alaikumAs a new Muslim, the day before Ramadan this year alhamdulillah, I strive to practice my deen as perfectly as possible however sometimes there is still confusion over some issues.  I therefore have two questions that despite asking on other boards/forums I cannot achieve a satisfactory answer.i)  Does a woman have to do the Adhan or Iqaamat in whatever case.  I have been told as a woman I do not have to, but recently when praying with another woman she asked if I was going to do the Iqaamat...ii)  I work full-time and pray three times during the course of my working day.  Is it permissable to run my hands over my hijab when making wudu, or do I have to take the hijab off for the wudu to be accepted?  I'm conscious of the time it takes me to make wudu and then pray during my working hours when my company has been very supportive of my conversion.  I have had differing answers with regard to this, some say yes, some say no, some say that it is permissable due to circumstances to wipe over socks and then do regular complete wudu when we get home, so if this is permissable then could this be applied to the hijab?iii)  Finally, this will be my first year as a Muslimah, alhamdulillah and Christmas is approaching.  The only family I have remaining is my father and although he is not religious, (we) do exchange gifts and cards.  How should I approach this, is it permissable to continue to exchange items? He is also very supportive, alhamdulillah, of my conversion however it will be 'strange' not to present him with gifts.  I am fully aware, alhamdulillah, of the psychology surrounding my feelings and know that I can give him gifts any time of the year, and actually Eid would be nice, it's just getting used to losing the tradition.  (My family are not religious in general.)Alhamdulillah my concern is obviously to do what is correct and that is why I am seeking the truth, insha'Allah.JazakAllah khayran for the advice you are able to give.Assalamu alaikum