In the late 20th century, semen could be preserved in private banks at a very low temperature (-196°C) for later use in the fertilization process.
However, the various Fiqh Councils did not approve the establishment of these sperm banks in Islamic countries because of the evils involved in its creation and mix up of lineages. Therefore, it is strictly forbidden to keep semen from the male spouse (in the bank). Hence, it is stipulated that the artificial insemination should take place immediately after extracting the semen from him, rather than storing it in such banks as this will help ward off potential evil from its storage.
One of these evils, for example, is the critical issue that was recently raised in a foreign country as a result of a woman inseminated with husband’s sperm stored in the bank, five years after her husband’s death. This incident aroused public opinion, and the legal practitioners with the Church opposing it because of the great legal and social vices it entailed.