In the first place, we would like to stress that Allah is the Absolute Controller of every event that has taken place, is taking place, and will take place.
Every living thing in the universe has been given life by Allah, and Allah alone is sustaining every second of its life. If a species survives better than another in a particular environment, it is because Allah allowed it to live more days, and He willed for its posterity to continue.

“As to the issue of Adam being the first man on earth, no Muslim doubts this fact and scientific evidence has already proved that all human beings on earth from all races and regions have a common single father (not even mother), proving the Adam Theory. In addition, scientific evidence (see for example the French Magazine: Science et Vie, March 1998, No. 966) has been suggesting that life came from outer space, and Muslims have always believed that Adam came (or descended) from “Above”.

What we know from the Qur’an is that Adam was the FIRST human being on earth, created from clay, and not only the first prophet and messenger sent to his wife and his children.” (Source:

Given the above, we, Muslims, believe that our first ancestor was the prophet Adam (upon whom be peace), who was created by Allah in Jannah, or “paradise” and not on earth, but also created in a particular way that He describes to us: [And [mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Truly, I will create a man from clay. So when I have completed him, and breathed into him of My spirit, then fall down prostrate to him.” And the angels prostrated, one and all. Save for Satan, who was too proud to, and disbelieved. He said to him, “O Satan, what prevented you from prostrating to what I have created with My two hands? Are you arrogant, or too exalted?” He said, “I am better than he; You created me from fire and created him from clay.”] (Saad 38:71-76) 

Now, the God of Islam is transcendently above any suggestion of anthropomorphism, and Qur’anic exegetes like Fakhr Ad-Din Ar-Razi explain the above words “created with My two hands” as a figurative expression of Allah’s special concern for this particular creation, the first human, since a sovereign of immense majesty does not undertake any work “with his two hands” unless it is of the greatest importance (Ar-Razi vol. 26, 231–232). I say “the first human” because the Arabic term bashar used in the verse [Truly, I will create a man from clay] means precisely a human being and has no other lexical significance.