No doubt, Islam considers pollution as harmful to society. It’s not just a question relating to property that can be settled by compensating the injured party (victim of pollution). Rather, Islam obliges the whole society to avoid polluting the environment. This is the theme of the Qur’anic verse: “Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of Allah is (always) near to those who do good.” (Al-`Araf: 56)

Dr. `Abdul Fattah Idris, professor of comparative jurisprudence, Al-Azhar University. states that: “Whoever causes pollution of any kind in Islam, he is sinful and is committing a forbidden act. This is due to the fact that pollution affects both Muslims and non-Muslims and all living creatures as well. In this regard, Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “There should be neither harm, nor reciprocating injury.” Also, Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, warned against urinating or defecating in people’s pathways, in water and in the shade of trees as all these things are of great benefit to people.”