Humanity has not known a religion that preserves man’s freedom and dignity like Islam, it is a religion that came to achieve for the individual his balance in various fields, and Islam didn’t leave one aspect of life there is to organize without organizing it in a way that guarantees man his freedom and happiness, the Almighty said: “As we have also made you a moderate nation” Hence, moderation is one of the characteristics that distinguishes Islam.
Islam has taken great care of the individual to elevate him spiritually, physically and mentally, as it did not care about one aspect of the individual’s life and omitted another aspect, but ensured for man what brings him happiness and meets his needs as a mixed mixture of mind, matter and spirit, there is no legislation that collides with any of these aspects, Islam has taken care of the body as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “A strong believer is better and loved to Allah than a weak believer” and cared about reason and urged the Muslim to reflect and reflect and said Almighty” Say walk in the earth and look” He said “Say walk in the earth and then look” “Do you not reason” “Do you not think”, Islam gave the individual complete freedom to take from the pleasures of life how he wished, and to innovate how he wanted not just to have pleasure in itself but to live quietly and reassuringly with peace of mind and achieve the meaning of his slavery to God the Lord of the worlds.
Dr. Muhammad al-Bahi, former Dean of the Faculty of Fundamentals of Religion, said: “The way of Islam in guiding man is the way of balancing the body and the mind, so Islam does not recognize monasticism and abstaining from marriage as a way to prevent slippage and error. Nor does it recognize long-term fasting as some ancient Eastern religious trends have been calling for. It does not recognize this and that, because it is keen on the safety of the body on the one hand, and the continuation of the human species on the other.
Nor does it recognize excessive material pleasure, so as to make sure the mind is effective, Allah SWT says: “O sons of Adam, take your decorations at every mosque and eat and drink and do not profligate because he does not like profligate people.” (Al-a’raf: 31) Islam encourages us to enjoy the pleasures of material life but forbids excessive enjoyment of them so as not to harm the mind in its function by the damage to the body.
Islam’s care for the body, then, is in the making of marriage and sexual intercourse halal, also in the foods that Allah has not forbidden, and Allah the Almighty has only forbidden dead animals, spilled blood and pork: “Say that I do not find in what has been revealed to me a taboo on a feeder to feed on except that which is dead, or spilled blood or pork, it is an abomination” (al-An’am: 145).
As Islam’s care for our minds shows in its demand for moderation in enjoying the pleasures of material life, it also shows in the freedom it gives to man to exercise reason, for Islam does not force man to believe in God or to remain infidel, but rather to put before him the facts that are not encapsulated.
The Prophet’s (SAW) job is only to reveal the truth and communicate it to the people: “Tell the truth from your Lord, whoever wills it may believe, and whoever wills it may be disbelieved” (Kahf: 29).
The freedom that Islam gives to man to exercise reason, as well as in not forcing him to believe, is also achieved by asking him to keep the influences of the environment from customs and traditions away from thinking so that there is a good atmosphere for free thought and free human will; therefore, Islam blames those who deviate in their thinking and disbelieve in God because of the traditions and customs that dominate their environment: (And if they are told, come to what Allah has revealed and to the Prophet, they say that we are content with what our fathers followed what if their fathers knew nothing or were astray) (Maida: 104).
Worshipping which consists of prayer, fasting, and zakat provides the validity that the body requires to be away from deviation, and that the mind requires to be a sound thinker.