There is always a lot of tension in the employee-employer relation. The general guiding principles of Islam instruct its followers to maintain mercy, leniency, good intention, honesty and dutifulness in all their transactions and interactions. There are many Qur’anic verses and Prophetic traditions that warn Muslims against the severe punishment of those who wrong others regarding their rights or consume their wealth without a right.
Responding to this, AMJA Permanent Fatwa Committee, stated:
Compensation for work injuries is determined according to negligence and breach on the part of the employer and not due to the injury of the employee in the workplace. If the employer has neglected the maintenance of the meat-cutting machine, meaning that he has not undertaken its necessary maintenance operation or was using bad models that result in such injuries, or has neglected providing safe professional conditions, he is to be asked for compensation up to that limit because employers are required to provide safe work conditions for their employees. This is automatically included in all contracts, even if it was not stipulated. This is because what is conventionally acknowledged is like what is stipulated.
However, if the employer has undertaken all his duties concerning this aspect, the injury of the employee due to his own negligence or absolutely divine causes is deemed a loss for the employee as Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The wounds caused (by falling) in a well or in a mine, or caused by an animal has no requital for it.” (Muslim)
The expanses of medication needed or the compensation due for the employee for a life-time handicap that befalls him and causes incapability of resuming work is to be paid by the Public Treasury. Thus, the consequences of this accident are shared by the whole nation that jointly provide requital for such dangers. The employer is one of the individuals of the nation and, thus, undertakes the same as others by means of what he pays to the Public Treasury…