Eve was never responsible for Adam’s disobedience for both of them committed the same sin of eating from the forbidden tree.
Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, states that: “In fact, this false claim is mentioned in the Bible, and some Muslim thinkers blindly followed this falsification. A thorough reading of the Qur’anic verses that referred to this occasion will show the following:
1- Both Adam and Eve were equally commanded not to eat from the tree. Allah says: “And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrongdoers.” (Al-Baqarah: 35)
2- Both of them were misled by Satan. In other words, both of them fell a prey to the temptations of Satan who made them believe that he was a sincere adviser to them and he wanted all good for them. Also in the Qur’an, we read: “Then Satan whispered to them that he might manifest unto them that which was hidden from them of their shame, and he said: Your Lord forbade you from this tree only lest ye should become angels or become of the immortals. And he swore unto them (saying): Lo! I am a sincere adviser unto you. Thus did he lead them on with guile. And when they tasted of the tree their shame was manifest to them and they began to hide (by heaping) on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called them, (saying): Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you: Lo! Satan is an open enemy to you? They said : Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If Thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost!”(Al-A`raf: 20-23)
3- The Qur’an goes farther to declare Adam, not Eve, responsible for the sin of eating from the forbidden tree. It was for this that he was subjected to blame and that negligence was ascribed to him. Eve’s role was smaller and thus she was not to be blamed in his same way, for she was just a wife who followed her husband. Allah says: “And verily We made a covenant of old with Adam, but he forgot, and We found no constancy in him. And when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, they fell prostrate (all) save Iblis; he refused. Therefore We said: O Adam! This is an enemy unto thee and unto thy wife, so let him not drive you both out of the Garden so that thou come to toil. It is (vouchsafed) unto thee that thou hungerest not therein nor art naked, And thou thirstest not therein nor art exposed to the sun’s heat. But the Devil whispered to him, saying: O Adam! Shall I show thee the tree of immortality and power that wasteth not away? Then they twain ate thereof, so that their shame became apparent unto them, and they began to hide by heaping on themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And Adam disobeyed his Lord, so went astray. Then his Lord chose him, and relented toward him, and guided him.” (Ta Ha: 115-122)
4- Above all and upon creating Adam, Almighty Allah made it clear to Angels that the very aim of creating Adam is to be a vicegerent on earth. He was not created to abide in Paradise; rather, he was created for something greater and more significant, that is to undergo a test on earth and finally the destiny will be either Hell or Paradise for the descendants of Adam. In this meaning, Almighty Allah says: “And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth, they said: wilt Thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not. And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform me of the names of these, if ye are truthful. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise. He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide.” (Al-Baqarah: 30-33)
In an authentic narration, it is reported that Adam and Moses met and Moses blamed Adam for causing all this trouble by eating from the forbidden tree. In response, Adam explained that it was Allah’s decree to make Adam go down to earth and populate it. This occasion has two main significances:
a) Moses blamed Adam, not Eve. This denotes that the verses of the Torah that declare Eve responsible for the whole matter are incorrect. In other ways, these verses are no more than distortions that was made to the text of the Torah in later ages.
b) Adam’s coming to earth was a Divine preordained decree. It was necessary for the survival of the human race and their undergoing of the test prepared for them by Allah.
5- Finally, we are not certain that the Garden where Adam resided is the one prepared by Allah for His chosen servants in the Hereafter. Muslim scholars hold different views on this issue, some say that it is the same Garden that will be the abode of the believers in the Hereafter while others say that it is another garden. Allah referred to many places in this world and called them garden. In surat Al-Qalam, we read: “Lo! we have tried them as We tried the owners of the garden” (Al-Qalam: 17) In surat Al-Kahf, Almighty Allah says: “Coin for them a similitude: Two men, unto one of whom We had assigned two gardens of grapes, and We had surrounded both with date palms and had put between them tillage.” (Al-Kahf: 32)”