The book of guidance that is revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through Gabriel is not called a ‘Toret’, rather it is called the Qur’an. This Qur’an is a guidance for all and sundry. It is not meant to guide Arabs only, but it carries a universal message of guidance to the whole humanity. Allah Almighty says: “… We have revealed unto thee the Remembrance that thou mayst explain to mankind that which hath been revealed for them, and that haply they may reflect.” (An-Nahl: 44)
Dr. Muhammad M. Abu Laylah, professor of the Islamic Studies & Comparative Religions at Al-Azhar University, states the following: “The Muslim scripture is not called “Toret”, but it is called Qur’an (i.e., the book to be read and to be followed).
It’s a well-established fact that the Qur’an is the absolute word of God, which is eternal, not created. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, in a certain time, verse by verse, via the Angel Gabriel. The first revealed Qur’anic verse was meant to honor learning and teaching. The Qur’an contains 114 Surahs which vary in length. The unit of this Surah is called a verse or Ayah, and the Ayahs vary also in length.
The Qur’an contains everything that man needs to know in this world. Allah says, “We have neglected nothing in the Book.” (Al-An`am: 38)
The Qur’an also contains the basic teachings of all the previous Prophets such as Moses, Abraham, Jesus, etc. It tells us the stories of these Prophets and their struggle to deliver Allah’s Message to their peoples.
We have, for example, a Chapter or Surah called ‘Abraham”. Also, there is another Surah called “Joseph” and another called “Mary”.
Almost all the Old Testament Prophets are given ample attention in the Qur’an. However, we should not regard the Qur’an as a historical book.
Much of the details you find in the Old Testament concerning the genealogies of the Children of Israel and their movements are not to be seen in the Qur’an.
The Qur’an provides facts only and leaves out the contradictory details, which make modern biblical critics in the West abandon the assertion that these books were revealed by Allah, and they prove that they are no more than human assertions. The Qur’an is still intact. It suffers no corruption or alteration. It is the same as it was revealed and it is the most-widely read book. Muslims believe that the Qur’an is a miracle in many aspects.”