The month of Muharram is one of the sacred months. A Muslim is supposed to gain the advantage of these months so as to draw nearer to Allah by offering voluntary religious deeds such as supererogatory prayers, voluntary fasting, charity, etc.
Dr. MuzammilSiddiqi, states:
Hijrah to . There are many lessons in this story and it can help us understand the basic significance of the calendar. It is good to remember that was a significant move for the growth of Islam and throughout history, Islam has benefited the . The presence and growth of Islam in America also came by the efforts of those who migrated and worked for the cause of Allah.
It is also the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the 10th day (`Ashura‘). When he came to Madinah, he found out that the Jews of Madinah were also fasting on this day remembering Prophet Musa (peace and blessings be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) admired this tradition and he said to the Jews, “We are closer to Musa than you are.” He fasted and he also told his Companions to fast on this day. (Sunan Abu Dawud). Later, before the end of his life on this earth, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told Muslims to add the 9th day also. Thus, it is recommended to fast on both the 9th and 10th of Muharram.
It is also good to remember the great sacrifice of Al-Husain and his family (may Allah be pleased with all of them). Theirs was the true Jihad for the cause of truth and justice. We should learn the lessons of courage, patience and perseverance from the episode of Karbala’ (year 61 A.H. / 680 C.E).