The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) stopped at six places to say du`aa’. The first was atop As-Safa; the second was atop Al-Marwah; the third was in `Arafah; the fourth was in Muzdalifah; the fifth was at the first Jamrat; and the sixth was at the second Jamrat.
Elaborating more on this, Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid, a prominent scholar, said that
‘Regarding the places where the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) stopped to say du`aa’ during Hajj. The scholars have told us that there are six places.
Ibn Al-Qayyim said:
His Hajj included six places where he stopped to offer du`aa’:
The first was atop As-Safa; the second was atop Al-Marwah; the third was in `Arafah; the fourth was in Muzdalifah; the fifth was at the first Jamrah; and the sixth was at the second Jamrah.
The details of these places are as follows:
1. Du`aa’ at As-Safa and Al-Marwah:
This involves turning to face the qiblah and saying du`aa’ after saying takbir three times, then reciting the dhikr narrated in the Sunnah three times, and making du`aa’ in between that.
The pilgrim should say Allahu Akbar with his hands raised as in du`aa’, three times, then recite the dhikr narrated in the Sunnah, such asLa Ilaha Illa Allah, Wahdahu La sharika Lah Lahul Mulk Walahul Hamd Wahuwa ‘Ala Kulli Shai’in Qadir, La Ilaha Illa Allah Wahdah Anjaza Wahdah Wa Nasara ‘Abdah Wa Hazamal Ahzaba Wahdah (i.e., There is no god but Allah alone with no partner or associate, His is the dominion and to Him be praise and He has power over all things; there is no god but Allah alone, He fulfilled His promise, granted victory to His slave and defeated the confederates alone). (Ibn Maja’)
2. Du`aa’ on the day of `Arafah lasts until sunset. The pilgrim should make a lot of du`aa’ on this day. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The best of du`aa’ is du`aa’ on the day of `Arafah, and the best thing that I and the Prophets before me said is La Ilaha Illallah Wahdahu Lasharika Lah (i.e., There is no god but Allah alone with no partner or associate) (Sunan al-Tirmidhi)
3. It is Sunnah for the pilgrim to make du`aa’ in Muzdalifah raising his hands and facing the qiblah, from after Fajr Prayer until it has become very light. Allah says: “Remember Allah (by glorifying His Praises, i.e. prayers and invocations) at the Mash`ar-il-Haraam (i.e., Muzdalifah)” (Al-Baqarah: 198).
4. Du`aa’ after stoning the first (smallest) Jamrah and the second (middle) Jamrah. That is during the days of Al-Tashreeq. It is not prescribed to say du`aa’ after stoning the largest Jamrah, either on the Day of Sacrifice or afterwards.”