Dr. Rajab Abu Maleeh, a Ph. D. holder and a Shari`ah consultant to IslamoOnline.net, stated: “The verses of the Qur’an indicate that mountains serve to keep the earth stable and prevent it from shaking while people are over it. Allah, the Almighty, says, “And the high hills bulwarks?” (Al-Naba’, 87: 7) And He says, “And We have placed in the earth firm hills lest it quake with them, and We have placed therein ravines as roads that haply they may find their way.” (Al-Anbiya’, 21:31)
However, these verses do not contradict with the occurrence of earthquakes and volcanoes in mountainous and hilly places. Occurrence of earthquakes and volcanoes is exceptional and is not a normal case. Moreover, it is scientifically asserted that when a volcano bursts out, its discharge may give rise to a mountain, then it would burst again and again. Can we take this as against the verses of the Qur’an? This case is exceptional and not a normal case.
There should be a wisdom behind this which may be, among others, reminding people of Allah’s graces to them and to keep away from approaching sins and injustice.”
May Allah guide all to what pleases Him!