Tawaf Al-Ifadah is the Tawaf performed by the pilgrim on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah as the last formal rite of Hajj in Makkah after changing into street clothes. It is one of the rituals of Hajj; if it is missed, the Hajj will void. In this regard, we cite what Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq states in his well known book Fiqh As-Sunnah: There is a consensus among Muslim scholars that Tawaf Al-Ifadah is one of the essentials of Hajj, and if someone fails to observe it his Hajj will be void. The Qur’an says: (Then, let them complete the rites prescribed for them, perform their vows, and (again) circumambulate the Ancient House} (Al-Hajj 22:29). According to imam Ahmad, a pilgrim must make a definite intention for its performance. All the other three imams hold that having the intention to perform Hajj covers and applies to all its rites including Tawaf Al-Ifadah. The majority of scholars holds that Tawaf Al-Ifadah comprises seven rounds of the Ka`bah. Abu Hanifah, however, is of the view that only four of the seven rounds are essential in Hajj, and if these (four) are missed the Hajj of a person becomes void. The remaining three rounds are necessary (wajib) but not essential. A pilgrim abandoning one or all of these three rounds misses a necessary part, but it does not invalidate his Hajj, although he is required to offer a sacrifice of an animal in atonement for it.
Is Tawaf Al-Ifadah Part of Hajj?
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