Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto,Ontario, Canada, states: “I don’t see any objection for a Muslim to serve as a judge as long as he does not explicitly contradict the categorically established principles of Shari`ah. It is my understanding that the basic spirit of law is to establish justice; this is a clear Qur’anic imperative. It is also known from the principles of Islam that we are allowed to act as arbitrators based on principles and criteria agreed upon. A judge in a secular system is doing so in accordance with such criteria which are acceptable to all parties, including Muslims and non-Muslims.”