In response to this issue, the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, states:
“The basic rule for zakatul-fitr (Zakah for breaking the fast) is that it is to be paid in the place of residence. As for zakatul-mal (Zakah on wealth), the basic rule is that it is to be paid where the wealth is.
However, it is permissible to do other than the above rule for a valid reason. For example, if a Palestinian brother works outside Palestine and he has relatives in refugee camps who are in need of Zakah. It is more appropriate, in this case, to send Zakah from his wealth to them. It is also permissible to designate another person to pay the Zakah on his behalf to those who deserve it.”