Zakat al-Mal

Zakah on Wealth

 Assalamu alaikum.i have some questions about zakat on wealth (not zakat alfitr): basically every year on the last day of ramadan, i calculate all the wealth i have (in cash, stocks, and wife's gold holding) and apply the 2.5% to calculate the zakat.however as i live in belgium, i usually send the money to my dad in lebanon and he distributes to needy relatives (not direct parents or descendents of mine). that means the money is actually payed later than the last day of ramadan when i calculate my zakat. recently i found some articles that say zakat shouldn't be delayed and should be payed on the day it reaches the hawl (1 year).so the questions are: 1- can the day zakat is calculated on be different than the day it's paid?. i remember i read somewhere that i have upto 1 year (before next zakat calculation) to pay it. is this correct?2- if this isn't correct, it's very hard for me to do the calculations all in one day and pay the zakat. reason is that i have to wait until stock market closes to get the exact value of my stocks, also i have to find out the value of gold on that day, and then i have to ask my dad to pay the money from his bank account while i transfer this to him.3-if the value of my stocks went below the nisab during the current year, do i still have to pay zakat on it?4- some of my individual stocks were below the nisab this year, do i calculate the zakat on each individual stock which was above the nisab? or this is not allowed and i should calculate the total worth of the stocks and pay zakat on that?Jazakum Allah khayran. Fadi.

Zakah on Money Earned From Haram Source

Respected s cholars, as-salamu `alaykum. I would like to explain my situation. I am a student studying in a Western country and I am still living at home. I am studying tourism and have worked for the past few years in restaurants, until just recently. I did not know that serving alcohol and pork is haram. I thought maybe it was makruh, but once I found out it is haram, I stopped working and serving these things and I am repenting to Almighty Allah. It is particularly hard to find a job in restaurants or tourism in this country that does not involve serving these things. Very few restaurants do not serve these things, so I have many questions to ask:First, I had been working in restaurants which serve alcohol and pork for a few years and I managed to save a decent amount of money which I intended to use to get married and things related to that such as a deposit for an apartment. Is it permissible for me to use this money? Should I donate a specific amount of money to cleanse the money? If so, how much of it? If I should donate some money, does it have to be immediately or can I donate it at some time in the future?Second, my father also works in a Western country in the same field and his job involves serving pork and alcohol. Currently, I am in need of my father's support for study fees and help with costs for an apartment and other things. Is it permissible if I accept financial support from my father? Do I have to cleanse this money? If so, how?Third, should I pay zakah from the money which I have saved from previously working in serving alcohol and pork?   Fourth, in this country, and especially in the field of tourism, it is quite hard to find a job without having to serve alcohol or pork. Although there are some, I have been looking for a job for months and cannot find any that do not involve serving these things. Is it permissible to work in serving them temporarily until I find a halal job?JazakumAllahu Khayran