One of the most important objectives of Islamic Shari`ah is to preserve blood lineages. Therefore, all means or acts such as egg donation that may cause lineages to be mixed are unacceptable or impermissible according to the consensus of the majority of Muslim scholars.
Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada , states: Egg donation is not allowed in Islam; this is because of the fact that it dilutes and mixes up blood lineages. In other words, it mixes the egg and sperm of two parties who are not married. In this way, it is no different from adultery.
There is a consensus among scholars on this issue. Hence, no Muslim should ever even entertain such an idea. Even If conception is only possible through this method, it is best for the parties to accept the will of Almighty Allah who says,
(Unto Allah belongs the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He will. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He will, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He will; Or He mingles them, males and females, and He makes barren whom He will. Lo! He is Knower, Powerful.) (Ash-Shura 42: 49-50).
In conclusion, let me state that In vitro fertilization is only permissible if the egg and sperm are extracted from a couple who are married to each other, and as long as a third party is not brought into the equation either as a donor or a carrier (otherwise known as a surrogate mother).
May Alla h make us all self-sufficient wit h the things He has allowed for us so t hat we are not inclined to those that He has forbidden – Ameen.