In fact, every committed Muslim feels indebted to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). It is through him that Allah’s light and guidance reached us. He is the last Prophet and Messenger who was sent by Allah to the world of humanity. He preached Monotheism and continued the authentic message of the truthful prophets like Adam, Noah, Abraham, David, Solomon, Moses, and Jesus. The Noble Prophet passed away, as all prophets did. Moreover, every Muslim should try his best to be away from all deviated sects and groups, and he must never elevate the Prophet Muhammad above the status that Allah has bestowed upon him.
Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a Senior Lecturer and an Islamic Scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, states the following: The `aqidah and beliefs of Islam are clear and evident from the authentic sources, namely the Qur’an and the Sunnah, as further elaborated by the great Imams and scholars of Islam, acceptable to the Muslims. The standard statement of these beliefs is contained in the `aqidah tahawiyyah of Imam Abu Ja’far al-Tahawi. It does not teach that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), is physically alive in his grave.
However, we believe that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is alive in his grave in a way totally different from what we experience in this earthly existence. He is alive in a manner that is different and is suitable to the nature of barzakh; we believe that humans pass through various phases, death itself affects only the physical body, but the spirit or ruh lives after death, although its mode and manner is known only to Allah. We therefore believe that the Prophet, peace be upon him, is alive in a form different from his earthly existence prior to his death, and can return the greetings of those who greet him, and is able to receive the benedictions (salawaat) that are sent by his followers, as he himself has told us explicitly, “Send benedictions unto me, for your benedictions will be conveyed to me, no matter wherever you are!”
In matters of `aqidah, we must guard against excesses; for Allah in the Qur’an has warned us against them; so, while believing in the excellence and merits of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him), we must never elevate him above the status that Allah has bestowed upon him. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), said, “Do not venerate me excessively even as the Christians venerated Jesus, son of Mary; I am only a servant and Messenger of Allah.”
May Allah help us preserve the pristine purity of our `aqidah-aameen.”
Moreover, we would like to cite for you the following by the prominent Muslim scholar Sheikh `Abdul-Kareem Al-Khudayr, in which he states the following: “The fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was a witness, a bringer of glad tidings and a warner, and that he will be a witness on the Day of Resurrection, does not mean that he is present among all nations, or that he (peace and blessings be upon him) will remain alive until the Day of Resurrection, or that he sees and witnesses whilst he is in his grave. Witnessing does not only mean seeing. Rather he will testify against the nations by means of what Allah tells him, for he does not know the Unseen. Allah, Most High, says:
“… and If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (Unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth …” (Al-A`raf: 188)
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) does not have the ability to be present in numerous places; he is in only one place, which is his grave, and this is according to the consensus of the Muslims.
I end my discussion by quoting the Qur’anic verse that reads:
“Muhammad is no more than a Messenger, indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he died or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? …” (Al `Imran: 144)”