What Is the Multazam?
The Ka`bah is the blessed House of Allah to which the hearts of all Muslims incline. It is the place where Prayers and supplication are more answerable. There are narrations that even specify a part of the Sacred House called the Multazam where a Muslim should earnestly supplicate Allah.
Regarding the clarification on al-Multazam, Sheikh Muhammad Saleh Al-Munajjid, a prominent scholar and author, stated,
The Multazam (place of clinging) is the part of the Ka`bah that is between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka`bah. The Arabic term iltizam (clinging) refers to the act in which a person who makes du`aa’ (supplication), places his or her chest, face, forearms, and palms against the Multazam, and calls upon Allah, saying whatever du`aa‘ he or she wishes.
There is no specific du`aa’ that the Muslims should say in that place. Muslims can cling to the Multazam when they enter the Ka`bah (if that is easy for them) or they may do that before performing the Farewell Tawaf (circumambulation). They may also do iltizam at any time. However, a Muslim should try to avoid making a lengthy du`aa’ because that can make it difficult for others to make du`aa’ there. Also, it is not permissible for a Muslim to vie with others or annoy them in his or her attempt to cling to the Multazam. A Muslim should make du`aa’ there if he or she finds an adequate space; otherwise it will be sufficient for him or her to make du`aa’ during the circumambulation and prostration of Prayer.
Actually, what was narrated from the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) concerning the Multazam is more authentic than that which has been narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him.)
It is reported that `Abdur-Rahman ibn Safwan said, “When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) conquered Makkah, I said, ‘I will put on my garments,’ as my house was on the road, ‘and I will wait and see what the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) will do.’ So, I went, and I saw that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had come out of the Ka`bah along with his Companions, and they were touching the House from the door to the Black Stone. They placed their cheeks against the House, and the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) was in the midst of them” (Abu Dawud and Ahmad). The isnad (chain of transmission) of this hadith includes Yazid ibn Abi Ziyad, who was classed as da`if (weak) by Ibn Mu`in, Abu Hatim, Abu Zar`ah, and others.
`Amr ibn Shu`aib narrated that his father said, “I circumambulated the Ka`bah with `Abdullah, and when we came to the back of the Ka`bah, I said, ‘Will you not seek refuge with Allah?’ He said, ‘We seek refuge with Allah from the Fire.’ Then he proceeded to touch the Stone, and he stood between the Corner and the door and placed his chest, face, forearms, and hands like this [he spread his hands out]. Then he said, ‘This is what I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) do” (Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah).
The isnad of this hadith includes Al-Muthanna ibn Al-Sabah, and it was classed as da`if (weak) by Imam Ahmad, Ibn Mu`in, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i, and others.
But these two hadiths corroborate each other. Thus, Sheikh Al-Albani classed them as sahih (authentic) in As-Silsilah As-Sahihah.
In Majmoo` Al-Fatawa, Sheikh Ibn Taymiyah said,
If [the pilgrim] wants to go to the Multazam, which is the area between the Black Stone and the door, and place his chest, face, forearms, and hands against it and make du`aa’, asking Allah for what he needs, he may do so. He may do that before the Farewell Tawaf, for it does not matter whether this iltizam is done during the Farewell Tawaf or at another time. The Companions used to do that when they entered Makkah. If he [the pilgrim] wishes, he may make the du`aa’ that was narrated by Ibn `Abbas: “O Allah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave man, son of Your slave woman. You caused me to ride that which You have subjugated for me of Your creation, and You caused me to travel through Your land until You caused me to reach Your House by Your grace, and You have helped me to perform my rituals [of pilgrimage]. If You are pleased with me, then I hope that you will be more pleased; otherwise be pleased with me now before I depart from Your House, for now I am about to depart if You permit, without turning to anyone but You and without seeking to visit any house other than Yours. O Allah, give me good health in my body, and protect my religious commitment; let me find my family well and safe upon my return, and help me to obey You so long as You keep me alive, and gather for me the good of this world and that of the hereafter, for You are able to do all things.”
If he [the pilgrim] only stands by the door and prays there without clinging to the House, that is also good.