Dear Scholars of Islam: This year in October I will insh Allah start studying law at a German university. Is there any opposition to studying law (most of it I think Western law) in Western countries from the Islamic point of view?
Respected scholars, As-Salamu `Alaykum.Some scholars have argued that the verses of the Qur’an revealed at Makkah embody the maqasid (objectives) of the Shari’ah. In contrast, the more substantive laws revealed at Madinah were local applications of the maqasid. In other words, they were a combination of the maqasid and the pre-Islamic social norms of the society of Madinah. Consequently, when faced with a clash between the maqasid and a literalist reading of a verse revealed at Madinah, a mujtahid (scholar who applies ijtihad or personal reasoning) could use istihsan (juristic preference) to deduce a ruling which is in harmony with the maqasid. Such a process could be used to combine Western social norms with the maqasid of the Shari’ah to create a fiqh which is appropriate for Muslim minorities (fiqh aqilliyyat). Would the noble scholar please comment? Jazakum Allahu Khayran.
Dear scholars, As-Salamu `alaykum. I want to know about the Islamic view of intelligence activities in Islamic states. Is it necessary for an Islamic state to have intelligence agencies, and can it use them against its citizens? Tell me more about this issue, please.
How can one deduct the basis of the aspired harmony between the Shari`ah and modern legislation in a way that goes in line with the current structure of modern civilization and modern society?
As-Salamu `Alaykum. Nowadays, there is much controversy concerning legal penalties and the application of the Islamic Shari`ah (Law) especially in Muslim countries that have just started implementing it. My question: Is applying legal penalties the main goal of the message of Islam? Should these fixed penalties be applied in a society that is still immature for such legal system? Jazakum Allah khayran.